John Keats as a romantic poet

Keats as a romantic poet

Keats is in many ways the most romantic of all romantic poets Romantic poetry aims at the complete expression of the individual as compared to classical poetry, which aims at the expression of social experience. Other romantic poets have some political or social comment in their poetry. But the poetry of Keats is not a vehicle of any prophecy—any message. ... Read More »

The difference between phonetics and phonology

diagram of speech organs

What is Phonology? According, to Bloomfield phonology is the organization of sounds into patterns. In order to fulfill the communicative functions, languages organize, their material, the vocal noises, into recurrent bits and pieces arranged in sound patterns. It is the study of this formal organization of languages which is known as phonology. What is sound? How and where is it ... Read More »

Life of William Shakespeare

william shakespeare biography

The Life of William Shakespeare Parentage William Shakespeare was born on April 23, 1564 in the village of Stratford-on-Avon in the county of Warwickshire. His father John Shakespeare was a farmer’s son who came to Stratford about 1531, and began to prosper as a trader in corn, wheat, leather, and agricultural products. His mother Mary Arden was the daughter of ... Read More »

List of irregular verbs

Irregular verbs The verbs in roman type are verbs which are not very common in modern English but may be found in literature. When a verb has two possible forms and one is less usual than the other, the less usual one will be printed in roman. Compounds of irregular verbs form their past tenses and past participles in the ... Read More »

Articulatory phonetics / The speech organs

Articulatory phonetics

All the sounds we make when we speak are the result of muscles contacting. The muscles in the chest that we use for breathing produce the flow of air that is needed for almost all speech sounds; muscles in the larynx produce many different modifications in the flow of air from the chest to the mouth. After passing through the ... Read More »

Human and Animal Communication

Most animals have inter and intra-species communicating systems to communicate with one other. They cry, hoot, beat, dance and coo, and to some degree these noises and acts accomplish the same purposes as human language. They make instructive noise. Animals as some scholars believe, have both the discrete and non-discrete system of communication (e.g.  non-discrete in the case of the ... Read More »


Branches of Phonetics The study of phonetics can be divided into there main branches ACOUSTIC , AUDITORY and ARTICULATORY. Acoustic Phonetics Acoustic Phonetics is the study of physical properties of speech sounds such as frequency and amplitude in their transmission. Acoustic phoneticians analyze the speech waves with the help of instruments they attempt to describe the physical properties of the ... Read More »


WHAT IS LINGUISTICS? OR DEFINITION OF LINGUISTICS The word ‘Linguistic’ has been derived from Latin lingua (tongue) and istics (Knowledge or science). Etymologically, therefore, linguistics is the scientific study of language. But it is the study not of one particular language but of human language in general, it studies language as a universal and recognizable part of human behavior, It ... Read More »

Characteristics of Language

Character or characteristics of language 1. Language is verbal, vocal : Language is sound- Language is an organization of sounds, of vocal symbols – the sounds produced from the mouth with the help of various organs of speech to convey some meaningful message. It also means that speech is primary to writing. There are several languages because they are spoken. ... Read More »

Boston Tea Party

Boston tea party in 1773- In 1773, an unusual type of “tea party” took place, when a ship loaded with tea arrived at Boston harbor . The agitators , who disgusted themselves as Mohawk Indians, boarded the ships  and threw the box of tea into the ocean. The Boston Tea Party showed that the Americans had the reached the point ... Read More »